Endocrinology, diabetes and nutrition consultations at Emerald last on average between 45 minutes and 60 minutes
Emerald Medical Center offers patients a multi-disciplinary approach of their diseases and the specialities: endocrinology, diabetes and nutrition are interconnected with Cardiology, Neurology and Internal Medicine which are the specialties already present at Emerald.
Endocrinology is a medical specialty which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases of the endocrine system. This system is made up of numerous substances called hormones. These are secreted by varied glands and organs in the body(thyroid, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, hypothalamus, ovary, testicle, thymus, pineal gland, pituitary gland) and they cause a variety of important health effects.
The symptoms caused by excessive hormonal secretion include: excessive sweating, arterial hypertension, tachycardia( elevated heart rate), osteoporosis, nephrolithiasis, frequent urination, diabetes mellitus, weight gain, excess growth of body hair, menstrual cycle abnormalities in females etc and when there are hormonal deficiencies patients can present with hypotension (low blood pressure), bradycardia(low heart rate), increased volume of urine, dehydration, weight loss, excessive fatigue, muscle pains, nausea, diarrhea, skin hyperpigmentation etc.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high level of blood sugar over a long period of time.
Clinical symptoms of diabetes include: increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, the presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of fat breakdown), irritability, but these are not present in all cases.
Diabetes can be divided into two categories: primary and secondary. In the case of primary diabetes mellitus, type I, insulin-dependent and type II, insulin-independent are recognized. Secondary forms of diabetes occur in pancreatic diseases, hormonal abnormalities, acute myocardial infarction, insulin receptor abnormalities and some genetic syndromes. In this classification, insulin dependence is not equivalent to insulin therapy.
Type I primary diabetes mellitus is characterized by reduced or no insulin secretion, with patient survival dependent on administration of an insulin preparation.
Type II diabetes mellitus is the most common. form of the disease, in many cases being associated with obesity. Deficiency in insulin secretion occurs gradually and after several years persistent hyperglycemia sets in.
Some examples of complications of diabetes:
- Neuropathy, gangrene, lower limb amputation;
- Myocardial infarction, hypertension, stroke;
- Kidney failure requiring dialysis;
- Glaucoma, cataracts, retinopathy, until complete loss of vision;
- More common infections that do not heal;
- Depression, anxiety and other psychiatric illnesses;